|The Municipality of Żnin|
The Municipality of Żnin is located in the south-western part of the Cuiavia-Pomeranian voivodeship and is situated in the vicinity of these Municipalities: Barcin, Damasławek, D±browa, G±sawa, Janowiec Wielkopolski, Łabiszyn, Rogowo, Szubin, Wapno. The municipality covers the area of the town Żnin and additional country areas. From a geographical point of view the municipality lies in the boundaries of the Gniezno Lake District, which is a part of Great Poland Lake District and Great Poland- CuiaviaValley. The municipality is situated on a glacial upland with
various landforms of glacial origin.
The age structure:
• pre-working age- 27% of the municipalities' overall population
•working age- 60%
•post-working age- 13%
The municipality is situated in the western, warmer part of the district, which is characteristic of the lowest yearly rainfall. The annual average temeprature is 7,5° C. July is the warmest month of the year, average daytime tamperaqture equals 17,7° C, hence the coldest month is February and the average daytime temperature equals -3,2° C. Summers and winters last about 90 days each, the vegetative period lasts 220 days. During the year there are 40 dayswith a day-long minus temperature and 28 days with day-long temperature of 25 ° C. What is characteristic of the region are frequent weather changes and predominant western winds. The municipality has the lowest total yearly rainfall (500 mm per year), the effect of which is turning the landscape into steppe.
The municipality has a great variety of soil types and a vast majority of it are those derived from clay rocks. A great deal of soil are classes IIIb and Iva. Brown earth is of higher class- II and IIIa. Grey brown soil is derived clay type rocks and is usually located in a falling terrain.Peat nad peat- half-bog soil occurin valleys with watercourses, lakes and contained catchments. Soilo type of sandy an clay origin are found sporadically and are aclasses IIIa and IIIb. Soil types : sand, lesser clay, firm and shallow derived from outwash sandar, are of classes: Ivb, V- VII.
The Municipalities' soil types structure:
luvisole lessive soil 60%
lixiviate brown earth13%
brown earth 4%
grey brown 12%
peat and peat-half-bog 2%
The municipalities mineral basis is sparse. Loam resources can be divided toto clay, sand with gravel and pebble. Smithereeen resources are sands of accumulative origin, eolian sands, sands and gravel produced as a result of glacial accumulation and hydro-glacial accumulation. Peat resources from the G±sawka Vallley belong to the group of low peat and have lesser insuling and fuel quality. Mining works to extract brown coal prooved to be a costly undertaking (beacuase of low thickness of soil and inapropriate balance criterion). Building material deposit is insuficcientto exceedthe municipalities needs. Not to mention the fact, that the perspective resources in the central area collide with areas under environmental protection.
|Last Updated ( ¶roda, 20 marzec 2013 )|